After injury or surgery, the first few weeks of recovery can feel like a challenge to many dog owners. Perhaps you have been told to put your dog on crate rest or room rest  or perhaps you have not yet been given much guidance. 

Do read on for advice if your dog is recovering from a leg or spinal condition such as those listed here

Most recovering dogs need a combination of rest and very gentle walking. This can be tricky to get right, especially if your dog is lively.

Safe activities during recovery

In general, the following activities must be avoided during recovery: 

  • Running
  • Jumping (e.g. on and off the sofa)
  • Leaping about
  • Rough play (with children or other dogs)
  • Ball play
  • Stairs (going up or down)

Slick flooring should generally also be avoided during recovery.

Requirements are slightly different for each condition and for each dog. So if your own vet or surgeon has advised you regarding safe activities and exercise for your own particular dog, then do take care to follow their guidelines.

Above: running and leaping are not safe during recovery. Your dog must be on a lead when outdoors. 

A little slow walking is generally safe (unless specifically banned by the dog’s surgeon), as is standing calmly on all four paws. Chewing on toys is usually safe, though it is important that your dog doesn’t throw toys into the air and then chase them.

As recovery progresses, your dog may be allowed to walk for longer. Do follow any guidelines provided by your surgeon. For more information about do’s and don’ts during recovery, click here.

Crate rest or room rest

In some cases, the only way to ensure that your dog stays safe is to put them into a secure, comfortable recovery space. This could be a crate if you can get hold of one big enough for your dog. Or it could be an open-topped pen if your dog definitely won’t jump out. Or you might set up a room in your house to be a recovery room for your dog. If your surgeon has already advised “crate rest” or “room rest” for a certain number of weeks, then do your very best to follow their recommendation. Try the following links for more information:

Crate rest summary
Choosing a recovery crate
Where to put the recovery crate
Room rest summary
Choosing a recovery room

Above: Dogs must not jump onto furniture or race about during recovery. In some cases, the best option is to allocate a recovery room in which the dog can stay safe whenever he or she is off the lead.


A comfortable recovery space

Your dog needs to be as comfortable as possible in their recovery space for good recovery. For a start, the crate or pen must be large enough for them to lie fully stretched out, and to sit, stand and turn around easily, and it should offer enough space for your dog to eat and drink as well as to lie down.

It is a good idea to introduce your dog’s recovery area to them gradually if at all possible. It is also important to set the recovery space up as a pleasant area before your dog even sees it.

Remember to include soft bedding, food, water and something good to chew on such as a food-dispensing toy.

You may find the following links useful:

Introducing your dog to the recovery crate or pen
Keeping your recovering dog calm and content
Toys for recovering dogs

Above: Dogs need enough space to lie stretched out during recovery. If a crate does not provide enough space then room rest may be preferable. The dog sketch above is ‘Bonnie’ by artist Abel Kesteven.


Outside the recovery crate or room

You will of course need to take your dog outside for regular ‘toilet breaks’ (to pee and poo). It’s important to follow your vet’s guidelines regarding how often to take your dog outdoors and on how long these outdoor sessions can be. In the absence of any advice, a good starting point is typically 4 to 5 toilet breaks per day, with each outdoor session being no longer than 5 minutes. 

You’ll need to take special care to keep your recovering dog safe whenever they are outside their crate, pen or recovery room. A harness, fixed-length lead, and non-slip floor matting are all very useful. The following links offer more information on keeping your dog safe through the recovery period:

Keeping your dog safe outside the recovery crate
Keeping your dog safe outside the recovery room
Harness for recovering dogs
Choosing a lead for recovery
Walking with your recovering dog

Above: It is essential to keep your recovering dog on the lead whenever outdoors.

Recovery routine

A regular routine is important during recovery. Recovering dogs cope better once they learn when to expect meal times, toilet breaks, and any quality time spent with the owner. It is also helpful to set aside quiet times during which your dog should expect no interaction from you (especially during the night, of course). For details on the daily routine during recovery, try the following links:

Crate rest daily routine
Room rest daily routine

Problems during recovery

Some dogs need extra time to accept the new routine during recovery. If your dog won’t settle down in their crate, pen or recovery room, click here for advice. 

You might also find the following links useful:

Keeping your dog calm and content
Staying positive during your dog’s recovery.

Above: Staying cooped-up at home can be miserable during the recovery period. Bella the dachshund was only allowed to walk for brief periods, but she enjoyed getting out and about in a dog pushchair. (Photo courtesy of J. Austin)

Further information: Getting advice

You may like to explore this website for more practical tips on helping your dog through recovery.  A good place to start is at the introduction page here. This website also contains guides to crate rest, room rest, IVDD, and many further links via those pages. For a summary on recovery from cruciate ligament disease, click hereYou may also like to look through the Frequently Asked Questions. If you need advice specific to your own dog, then I suggest that you book a consultation appointment. 

For dogs with IVDD, FCE or traumatic disc: further information during recovery

The IVDD Handbook is a comprehensive home care guide for dogs with IVDD (disc extrusion or ‘slipped disc’). It’s also suitable for those with certain other back or neck problems including FCE and traumatic disc. Use this book in conjunction with talking to your own vet. It contains:

  • clear practical guidelines for each stage of recovery
  • illustrated how-to guides for everything from sling-walking to home exercises
  • notes on when to contact your vet
  • an illustrated guide to understanding your dog’s surgical report
  • advice on keeping your recovering dog happy and content
  • a section on maintaining your own wellbeing while caring for your own dog
  • example daily routines suitable for dogs at each stage of recovery
  • hundreds of colour photos showing what to look for and how to help your dog
  • an index, glossary and colour-coded chapter to help you find information fast

How to get your copy

Click here to buy or look inside The IVDD Handbook.

The above link should redirect you to your country’s Amazon site.

Order the book to be delivered to you from the US if you live in Australia, New Zealand or Singapore. For further details, click here

Links to the book on this page are provided as part of the Amazon Associates program. Buying the book after clicking on one of these links will earn the author a small commission, thus contributing to the ongoing running of this website. 

Booking an appointment

To book an appointment, use the contact form here or email me at I’ll get back to you as soon as I can. These contact details are for appointments only.  I offer home visit appointments, when appropriate, for dogs and cats living near me in North Herts, UK. Video consultations are available for both local and distant patients.